During this time, the first pharaoh narmer started the tradition of passing power to members of his family, usually the son--creating egypt's first dynasty he defeated some enemies and united upper and lower egypt into one civilization. The civilization of ancient egypt is known for its stupendous achievements in a whole range of fields, including art and architecture, engineering, medicine and statecraft its great buildings on the banks of the river still strike awe into those who see them.
The term cradle of civilization has frequently been applied to a variety of cultures and areas, in particular the ancient near eastern chalcolithic (ubaid period) and fertile crescent, ancient india and ancient china.
It was about 5000 years ago that the first civilizations apperared along the banks of large riversthat is why they are called river civilizations in mesopotamia, egypt, india and china they emerged along rivers: the tigris and the euphrates, in mesopotamia the river nile, in egypt the indus river in india and the yellow and blue rivers, in china lifestyle and the way society was.
Ancient egypt was a civilization of ancient north africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the nile river in the place that is now the country egypt.
Ancient man and his first civilizations prehistoric egypt the beginnings of civilization in egypt, sometime around 40,000 to 15,000 years ago, the rains started to diminish, and the sahara, which had been a fertile land, started to dry up, and was becoming a desert fleeing the advancing desert, many of the people that were living in. For almost 30 centuries—from its unification around 3100 bc to its conquest by alexander the great in 332 bc—ancient egypt was the preeminent civilization in the mediterranean world from. The civilization coalesced around 3150 bc (according to conventional egyptian chronology) with the political unification of upper and lower egypt under the first pharaoh but this could not have been possible had there not been early settlers around the nile valley in early 3500 bc.
Egypt is a country in north africa, on the mediterranean sea, and is home to one of the oldest civilizations on earth the name 'egypt' comes from the greek aegyptos which was the greek pronunciation of the ancient egyptian name 'hwt-ka-ptah' (mansion of the spirit of ptah), originally the name of the city of memphismemphis was the first capital of egypt and a famous religious and trade.